Stephanie Lee

April 24th, 2010

Interview Questions

Posted by emodjsteph in Uncategorized  Tagged ,

[Sorry these are late, I thought Mohamed was going to post them)

1. How would you define masculinity?
2. How would you define aesthetics of masculinity (Physical features, clothing, etc)
3. What emotions would you consider masculine?
4. What emotions would you consider to be effeminate?
5. What would make a man effeminate?
6. Do you think you could tell a man’s sexuality just by appearance?
7. What physical or aesthetic features do you think gay man possess?
8. Does effeminate = gay? (i.e. Do you automatically assume a man that is effeminate is gay?)
9. What would your reaction be to a) being called gay insultingly b) being mistaken for being gay
10. Do you think being seen with an effeminate would make you appear effeminate by association?

April 14th, 2010

Getting Serious

Posted by emodjsteph in Uncategorized  Tagged , ,

Clarkson, Jay. “Everyday Joe” versus “Pissy, Bitchy, Queens” Gay Masculinity on The Journal of Men’s Studies, Vol 14(2), Spr 2006. Pp. 191-207

Phoenix, Ann; Frosh, Stephen; Pattman, Rob. Producing Contradictory Masculine Subject Positions: Narrative of Threat, Homophobia and bullying in 11-14 Year Old Boys. Journal of Social Issues, Vol 59(1), 2003. Special issue: Youth perspectives on violence and injustice. Pp. 179-195

“Everyday Joe” versus “Pissy, Bitchy, Queens” Gay Masculinity on

In this paper, Jay Clarkson analyzes the discourse on The website is a common place for self proclaimed “straight acting gay men” to discuss various topics and issues. Primarily they discuss what it is to act straight and what constitutes straight and/or gay acting. While the website promotes gay men to act straight, this ultimately discourages gay men from acting effeminate. Clarkson describes the discourse with this website as “highly homophobic and glorifying the normative standards of masculinity”. Clarkson explores the idea that gay men conforming to these normative standards of masculinity as the direct opposite of the cultural stereotype that conflates homosexuality with femininity. Clarkson believes that the men on this website construct their idea of masculinity based on the normative working-class heterosexual male and this normative masculinity depends on the subjugation of women and effeminate men.  Selective homophobia is mentioned in this paper and it is the idea that gay men can be accepted as long as they conform to heteronormative expectations but condemning those gay men that do not conform to these expectations. Homographesis is another term mentioned in this paper that is important to note. Homographesis is the assumption that homosexuality can be identifies visually, behaviorally, and/or psychologically distinguished from other sexualities. The assumption is that that are characteristics that can signify homosexuality such as clothing, gait, posture, facial expressions, hand gestures, tone of voice, etc. This assumption relies on the cultural stereotype of homosexuals being feminine rather than masculine.

Producing Contradictory Masculine Subject Positions: Narrative of Threat, Homophobia and bullying in 11-14 Year Old Boys

This paper is a qualitative analysis of data from a study of masculinity in 11-14 year old boys attending a dozen different schools in London. It examines the relationship  between bullying and homophobia these boys face on a daily basis in their schools. They derive that due to the hierarchy in the school setting, based on toughness and concomitant homophobia, these boys are constrained and/or enabled by their concept of masculinity. This constant pressure and threat to their own masculinity often creates feelings of sadness and loneliness, but as these are not stereotypically masculine emotions, they must be concealed and replaced with a defensive nature. In the context of their study, they establish masculinity as synonymous with toughness, physical aggression, homophobia and anti-femininity. Interviews were done in group settings as well as individual interviews and the boys showed a lot less bravado in the individual interviews. In the group interviews around their peers, they had to keep up the sense of masculinity that was expected of them but did not display the same bravado individually. This helps demonstrate that these senses of masculinity are forced and comes as a direct result of their need to conform to the heteronormative expectations of them.


We will be conducting interviews with men of all ages in order to group them together into the age groups we will be comparing. We will ask them a series of questions regarding their definition of masculinity, what it means for a man to be masculine, whether they feel gay men can be considered masculine, etc. in hopes to examine the relationship between the two. During the interview, we will use photo elicitation in order to see how the men react to different levels of heteronormative masculinity and the stereotypical feminine. Combining the interview with the reactions to the photographs should help us notice a relationship between men’s sense and idea of masculinity and the way homosexuality affects this.


We will fully disclose the intentions of our interview with the men and ask their permission to use anything from the interview in our project. We will remind them they can end the interview and withdraw from participating in our project whenever they want to. Sexuality is a sensitive topic to most so we will be careful to try not to push or offend anyone with the interview. The photos we will use for the photo elicitation, we will make sure we have permission to use and will credit the sources. Any pictures we take, we will put a creative commons license on and make sure have permission of any possible subjects in the photos.

March 15th, 2010

Project Proposal

Posted by emodjsteph in Uncategorized  Tagged ,

I will be working with Mohamed for this project and we will be looking at men’s reactions to the threat of being called homosexual to their masculinity. We will be focusing on age groups 18-27, 28-37 and 38-50 and we will take ethnicity and religion into factor. We will be conducting interviews with photo elicitation.

We are curious to see the difference in reaction between the age groups towards the effect of homosexuality on their masculinity. We will ask them questions about the way homosexuality influences their own sense of masculinity (Whether or not being called ‘gay’ or mistaken for being gay offends their masculinity). Then we will show them photos of a wide range of men deviating from the heterosexual norm into the homosexual stereotype.

February 24th, 2010

Project Ideas

Posted by emodjsteph in Uncategorized  Tagged

I’m not sure what exactly I would like to do for my project, but I know what my interests are, so hopefully if I throw enough ideas t the wall, something will stick.

I’ve always been extremely  interested in the gay community and I’ve done at least 3 or 4 major papers of mine in high school and college about homosexuality in some way or another. One that I can remember is a paper I’ve written about the the effects of homophobia on mens sense of masculinity. Maybe seeing what the stereotypes of gay men and women are would be interesting, like seeing if people think they can tell a person’s sexuality just by their picture.

I’m also very interested in the objectification of women in advertising and the idea that sex sells. Women are always being dehumanized or objectified at the sake of selling a product and this must have an effect on the way general public view women. Another thing similar to that I am interested in what qualifies as attractive for different race (facial features, body types).

I’d really like to do this project in a pair.

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